MULTIPROJECT
Making sure everything goes your way
Want to know more about JCT contracts? Facing a particularly detailed tender and looking for some tips? We're here to help all construction contractors in the UK.

New articles regarding all topics affecting construction professionals will be published on our site every 3 – 6 weeks, giving you the information and advice you need to run a successful business.

Whether you're looking for updates on procedures and regulations, software and systems, Multiproject is YOUR construction industry resource.

If you'd like to see a specific topic being covered, why not let us know? Simply email office@multiproject.org or telephone us on 02070968235

Guides Archive:

Latest Guides

No 33: Importance of following contractual procedures during construction project delivery.

Contracts and contract procedures can be very detailed and complicated in terms of Contractor’s obligations. Lack of knowledge of these procedures often leads to delays, conflicts with architect, contract administrator or client, and, in extreme circumstances, to loss of profit or even financial penalties. Read More…

No 32: Importance of building and maintaining adequate supply chain - partnering

In this article we will explain the importance of creating and maintaining a supply chain for construction companies, which partially covers the subject of partnering. Read More...

No 31: Requirements when working with Asbestos

In this article we will highlight requirements for the owner/employer of the properties and the types of surveys that are available for idenitifying asbestos-containing materials. Also the new regulations introduced early in 2012 will be explained. Read more...

No 30: The Dangers of Asbestos

In this article we are going to look at the dangers of asbestos and where it can be found. You shouldn’t take the risk of being exposed to asbestos. It kills more people every year in Great Britain than are killed in road accidents. Read More...

No 29: Architect's/Contract Administrator's obligations and powers for Extensions, Terminations and Payments

This article discusses an architect’s role in permitting time extensions, contract terminations and making due payments under the JCT Intermediate Contract 2011. Read more…

No 28: Architect's Obligations and Powers in Issuing Instruction under JCT IC 2011

Under The Joint Contracts Tribunal (JCT) Intermediate Contracts, the Architect has certain duties and power to issue various instructions, as discussed in this article. Read more...

No 27: Architect's Obligations and Powers in Completion and Rectification of Works

This article discusses an architect’s role in completion and rectification of work and his obligations with respect to the sub-contractor under the JCT Intermediate Contract 2011. Read More...

No 26: Architect's Obligations towards Contractor under JCT IC 2011

The Joint Contracts Tribunal (JCT) Contracts are the leading standard forms of building contract, and their revised edition was published in September 2011, known as JCT Content Edition 2011. Read more…

No 25: Employer’s Obligations and Powers - Termination and Dispute under JCT IC 2011

This article discusses the employer’s power and duties with respect to termination and dispute resolution under the express provisions of JCT Intermediate Contract 2011. Read more...

No 24: Employer’s Obligations and Powers - Payments under JCT IC 2011

This article discusses the employer’s power and duties in terms of payments under the express provisions of JCT Intermediate Contract 2011. Read more...

No 23: Employer’s Obligations and Powers in terms of Insurance under JCT IC 2011

The employer has various powers and duties with respect to insuring works under the express provisions of the JCT Intermediate Contract. Read More...

No 22: Employer’s Obligations and Powers under JCT Intermediate Contract

Some of the employer’s power and duties are imposed by the general law of implied terms and the others arise from the express provisions of the Intermediate Contract itself. Read more...

No 21: Contractor's Obligations and Powers: Termination of Contract

The contractor has certain obligations and powers with respect to termination of contract under the latest edition of JCT Intermediate Contract 2011. These are discussed in the following paragraphs. Read more...

Guides 11-20

No 20: Contractor's Obligations and Powers - Article 2

A new suite of The Joint Contracts Tribunal (JCT) Contracts, the leading standard forms of building contract, were published in September 2011 known as JCT content edition 2011. Under the JCT Intermediate Contracts, the contractor has the following obligations and powers to insure the works under contract. Read more...

No 19: Contractor's Obligations and Powers under JCT Intermediate Contract 2011

The Joint Contracts Tribunal (JCT) contracts are the leading standard forms of building contract that cover the spectrum of construction project contract needs. The JCT 2011 contracts have recently undergone third revision in September 2011. Read more...

No 18: Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009

The Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction (LDEDC) Act has been updated in November 2009; however the changes are expected to become effective by end of 2011. Part 8 of the Construction Act amends the payment practices and dispute resolution in the construction contracts. The amendments have been made with the main aim of simplifying the payment mechanisms and protecting the interests of the payee. Read more...

No 17: Changes in JCT Contracts 2011 - Retention Provisions

CT Contracts are standard forms of contracts, guidance notes for construction projects. These include main and sub-contracts for large scale complex construction projects to small home improvement projects. Read more...

No 16: Changes in JCT contract 2011 - An Overview

The Joint Contracts Tribunal (JCT) 2005 set of contracts have undergone third revision. These include significant amendments mostly in response to the Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act 1996 under the umbrella of Construction Act 2009. The new edition of JCT Contracts is applicable for all construction contracts entered into Part 8 of the Construction Act effective from 1st October 2011. Read more...

No 15: Introduction to Risk Assessment

Risk assessments play a crucial role in the management of site health and safety. Their purpose is to identify and reduce or remove risk to workers and the public caused by construction work, and so avoid accidents that could cause injury or even death. Legally they should be created for any form of work activity that may present a risk to workers or the public. Read more …

No 14: Methods of Work

Methods of work are health and safety planning documents. They are used to show the results of a risk assessment, so they contain information regarding what specific work actions are involved in a project, the risks posed, and the measures that will be taken to nullify or mitigate the risk. Read more …

No 13: Permits to Work

Permit to Work (PTW) systems, also known as "Safe System of Work", are used to ensure the safety of workers and of the general public. They are used when the work to be undertaken has been assessed as having a high level of risk. This would include working at heights, on electrical systems or high pressure systems. Read more …

No 12: Site Waste Management Plans (SWMP)

Site Waste Management Plans are legally required in England for any project with a total cost of more than £300,000. The plans must be produced by principle contractors and included in their Health & Safety files held on site. Read more …

No 11: Traffic management and separation in construction

Every area on the construction site should have its own traffic management plan. It should consist of a map of construction site, including its structure, streets, warehouses, enclosures, pedestrian walkways etc. Read more …

Guides 2-10

No 10: Common terms in JCT contracts. Part 3

CT contracts allow using one of many legally available forms of contractor-client dispute resolution. The first step is to take contract administrator’s (usually architect’s) counsel. Even though they are employed by the client, they are legally obliged to remain impartial. Read more …

No 9: Common terms in JCT contracts. Part 2.

This guide continues to explain most common terms used in JCT types of contract. Read more …

No 8: Common terms in JCT contracts. Part 1.

At any contact with JCT contracts, it is crucial to know the basic terms and definitions appearing in them. In the next few articles we will try to explain terms and definitions, which every contractor should be familiar with. Read more …

No 7: Insurance in JCT contracts.

The types of insurance required by a JCT contract are quite complicated. One must make sure that contractor is fully insured in case of an accident or against losses. It is common to see architects and investors getting lost in this area. We hope that our guide will help you in your project. Read more …

No 6: Scheduling and planning construction works.

Without proper planning it is difficult to make a construction project run smoothly and be completed on time and within budget. Of course, smaller and less complex projects very often do not have a formulated formal plan or schedule, since all planning takes place in manager’s head. Read more …

No 5: Tender procedures.

Perception of the stages of a construction project often varies between the client/architect and the contractor. Client and architect are involved in the project for months before the actual construction work commences, for a contractor however stages of the project include only the tender offer and construction stages. Read more …

No 4: Types of procurement.

In Great Britain there are several forms or methods of property procurement. Each of those involves a different type of contract, contractual relationships, information flow, roles and responsibilities within a planning team. Read more …

No 3: Introduction to JCT contracts

Data from 2004 illustrates that 71% of projects completed in Great Britain was bound by one of the contract forms prepared by JCT. If an architect is involved in a project it will most often be one of the JCT contract forms. Read more …

No 2: Introduction to contracts and standard construction forms.

Contract law does not only refer to large investments. Every day without realising it, we enter into many various contracts, which are not even in written form. Even such an activity as shopping at your local Tesco or off-licence if finalised with a contract. The seller agrees to sell us goods, and we agree to pay for it. Read more …
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Mini Guides
JCT - Joint Contract Tribunal
JCT is an organisation uniting different groups of professionals within the British construction industry. Members of the JCT include professional associations of architects, surveyors, inspectors, estimators, building contractors and many others. Read More...
Forms of Property Aquisition
In the British construction industry acquisition or commissioning of properties or their elements is defined as "procurement". Available procurement routes include Traditional (lump sum), Design and Build, Construction Management, Management Contracting and others. Please refer to our guide for more information. Read More...
Tender offer from client's and architect's point of view.
Perceptions of the stages of a construction project often vary between the client/architect and the contractor. Investor and architect are involved in the project for months before the actual construction work commences; for a contractor however stages of the project include only the tender offer and construction. Read More...
Gantt Chart
Gantt or Bar chart is the simplest planning method. If appropriately constructed however, it can convey much information crucial for the completion of the project. Read More...
Schedule types
Schedules can be divided into several categories depending on their type and the accuracy of information. This includes Master Programme, Detailed Programme, Purchase schedule and others. Read More...
Risk management
Through use of available supporting software it is possible to include risk management procedures into the schedule. Convenient analysis of possible scenarios for different options of construction work. Read More...
Insurance from the point of view of the contractor
From the contractor’s point of view, construction insurance can be divided into three groups:

- "Employers Liability Insurance" (EL)
- "Public Liability Insurance" (PL)
- "Contract Works Insurance" (CW)

Read More...
Types of insurance in the JCT's contracts
The JCT contracts categorize insurance types legally required by the contract. One of the ways of categorisation is according to the level of cover: "Specified Perils" (SP) and "All Risk Insurance" (AR).
Read More...
Contractor's rights and duties
Contractor’s liability is limited to project between taking it over from the investor and practical completion. Those dates do not have to coincide with the actual construction period. Read More...
Investor's duties
The investor should hold a valid insurance covering the liability for death or bodily injury caused by his or his employees’ actions or negligence. In case of institutional investors PL and EL type of insurance should be appropriate. Read More...
Architect's role
The architect is not a party to a contract. They are employed by the investor as their representative. According to the JCT contracts however, the architect is obliged to make sure that the parties are aware of the insurance requirements and that the necessary policies have been acquired. Read More...
Contract Documents
A contract may include various documents describing the project and stating the cooperation conditions as long as they are approved by both parties. Read More...
Contract Administrator
person responsible for contract management and certifying any additional works, changes, contract extensions, accounts etc. Contract Administrator is usually the architect who supervised the preparation of the contract documentation. Read More...
Architect's Instruction
Instructions given by the Contract Administrator, which are necessary to carry out any changes to the contract. They have to be stated in writing; in case of verbal instructions the architect has to submit a written document within 2 days. Read More...
Provisional Sum
Refers to the estimated sum included in contract to cover the costs of work, materials or equipment where the actual cost is not known at the time of signing the contract. It is most often used when the work specification has not been completed. Read More...
Interim Certificate
Is a certificate issued by an architect authorising the client to a partial payment for the works completed to date, when the payoff is scheduled before termination of work. It is prepared according to cost estimate presented by the contractor. Read More...
PC Sum (Prime Cost)
Is a term used when creating estimates and defining the price of material and resources, when the actual const cannot be established. Read More...
Base Date
Rarely found in smaller projects, due to their short life span. It is the time when the contractor's offer has been prepared to reflect the current market conditions, usually 10 days before the proposal is put forward. Read More...
Extension of Time
Procedure/certificate which allows a change of the completion date agreed by the contract. The certificate can be issued by the Contract Administrator when due to the circumstances beyond contractor's control work can not be completed on time. Read More...
LADs (Liquidated Ascertained Damages)
Often described as a penalty for late completion of work. In fact it is not a penalty, but a compensation for the costs incurred due to late completion. This sum is stated in the contract and should reflect the actual costs for the client. Read More...
Variation
In general, all variations from the range or specifications of the work. Read More...
ADR - 'Alternative Dispute Resolution'
'Alternative Dispute Resolution' - this term refers to all forms of resolving a contractual dispute, which are not judicial proceedings to change the contractual sum. Every such change has to be confirmed by an architect's written instruction. Read More...
Mediation
It is a voluntary procedure, both parties have to agree to such a solution and are not obliged to accept the terms of the agreement. This procedure involves employing an accredited mediator, who organises a meeting of both parties in the same time and premises, but in two different rooms. Read More...
Adjudication
Is a form of resolving contractual disputes existing from 1996 and created especially to the needs of the construction industry. It is included in the JCT contracts as a standard. Both sides have to agree to it when signing a contract. Read More...
Arbitration
An alternative to the court proceedings, established for many decades. Initially this solution was simple and inexpensive, however in the last few decades procedures and costs neared to those incurred by full judicial action. Read More...
Litigation
Is a term to describe formalised judicial proceedings. It is available to both parties of a contract. The only occasion, when parties lose their right to litigation as a consequence of former use of 'arbitration'. Read More...
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